Field of Nubiology

Field of Nubiology At this stage in the growing field of ancient Nubian studies, there are three significant problems which prevent an accurate understanding of classical Nubian civilization and its pivotal role in shaping early Nile Valley civilizations. Nubian King Tantamani First, western Nubiologists from North America and Europe look at Nubia from an outside …

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David Roberts lithograph: Excavated Temples of Abu Simble (Nubia)

The Qustul Incense Burner

The Qustul Incense Burner The Oriental Institute Nubian Expedition of the University of Chicago research team made a major discovery in the 1960s before the completion of the Aswan High Dam in Egypt. Bruce Williams, a research associate and chief archaeologist responsible for publishing the research work, gave an interview to the New York Times …

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Problems with Nubian Chronology

Problems with The Chronology Of Nubia The current Nubian chronological framework is unreliable as Nubian sub-cultures and historical phases are known only by the letters archaeologists assigned to them, such as A- Group, C-Group, and X-Group, and there are Kushite kingdoms mixed in with the Nubian chronology (such as Kerma and the 25th/Napatan dynasty). This …

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Ancient Nubia: An Introduction

Ancient Nubia: An Introduction The details of Ancient Nubia’s origins and the extent of its boundaries are not well understood by specialists in the field. The field of Nubiology began in the 1960s with the construction of the Aswan High Dam (completed in 1970), which flooded a 340 mile long area of lower Nubia, namely …

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Soleb Temple, Nubia

Misleading “Black Pharaohs” Label

The Misleading “Black Pharaohs” Label (25th Dynasty) There is a major gap in knowledge about Kush and the other “southern lands” for over 700 years until the 8th century BCE, when Kushite kings emerged from the deep south area at Napata. They ruled a vast territory extending from central or southern Sudan to lower Nubia. …

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Royal City of Napata

Royal City Of Napata The 9th century BCE witnessed the emergence of the second, centralized kingdom within Kush at the capital city of Napata. This kingdom can be divided into two periods, the Napatan and the Meroitic, after their respective capitals. Napata is situated in the region around Gebel Barkal (“sacred mountain”) about 164 miles …

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Yosef ben-Jochannan

Ben-Jochannan was the last “People’s Scholars” of Harlem, and many students and followers affectionately called the late scholar, “Dr. Ben.” He taught at City College in New York and at Cornell University from 1973 to 1987. He lectured widely throughout the U.S. and wrote numerous self-published monographs and books about religion, stone masonry, and ancient …

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